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Celebrate Hispanic Heritage With Census

From a joyous US Census press release:

Hispanic Heritage Month 2007: Sept. 15 – Oct. 15

In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, which was observed during the week including Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. The observance was expanded in 1988 to a monthlong celebration (Sept. 15 – Oct. 15). America celebrates the culture and traditions of U.S. residents who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean. Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.


44.3 million
The estimated Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2006, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or race minority. Hispanics constituted 15 percent of the nation’s total population. (This estimate does not include the 3.9 million residents of Puerto Rico.) <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html> and <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/007910.html>

About 1
. . . of every two people added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, was Hispanic. There were 1.4 million Hispanics added to the population over the period. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, making Hispanics the fastest-growing minority group. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

102.6 million
The projected Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 24 percent of the nation’s total population by that date.

22.4 million
The nation’s Hispanic population during the 1990 census — just slightly over half the current total. <http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-3.pdf>

Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide, as of 2005. Only Mexico (106.2 million) and Colombia (43 million) had larger Hispanic populations than did the United States (42.7 million). (Spain had a population of 40.3 million.) <http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbsum.html>

The percentage of Hispanic-origin people in households who are of Mexican background. Another 9 percent are of Puerto Rican background, with 3.5 percent Cuban, 3 percent Salvadoran and 2.7 percent Dominican. The remainder are of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Roughly half of the nation’s Dominicans live in New York City and about half of the nation’s Cubans in Miami-Dade County, Fla. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

27.4 years
Median age of the Hispanic population in 2006. This compares with 36.4 years for the population as a whole.

Number of Hispanic males in 2006 per every 100 Hispanic females. This was in sharp contrast to the overall population, which had 97 males per every 100 females. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

States and Counties

The percentage of the Hispanic-origin population that lives in California or Texas. California is home to 13.1 million Hispanics, and Texas is home to 8.4 million. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

The number of states with at least a half million Hispanic residents. They are Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas and Washington. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

The percentage of New Mexico’s population that is Hispanic, the highest of any state. Hispanics also make up more than a quarter of the population in California and Texas, at 36 percent each, and Arizona (29 percent).

4.7 million
The Hispanic population of Los Angeles County, Calif. — the largest of any county in the nation.

The increase in Texas’ Hispanic population between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, which led all states. California (283,000), Florida (161,000) and Arizona (102,000) also recorded large increases. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

Number of states in which Hispanics are the largest minority group. These states are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>


Source for statements in this section: Hispanic-owned Firms: 2002, at <http://www.census.gov/csd/sbo/hispanic2002.htm>

1.6 million
The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002.

The rate of growth of Hispanic-owned businesses between 1997 and 2002 (31 percent) compared with the national average (10 percent) for all businesses.

$222 billion
Revenue generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002, up 19 percent from 1997.

. . . of all Hispanic-owned firms were owned by Mexicans, Mexican-Americans and Chicanos.

Number of Hispanic-owned firms with receipts of $1 million or more.

  • 43 percent of Hispanic-owned firms operated in construction; administrative and support, and waste management and remediation services; and other services, such as personal services, and repair and maintenance. Retail and wholesale trade accounted for 36 percent of Hispanic-owned business revenue.
  • States with the fastest rates of growth for Hispanic-owned firms between 1997 and 2002 included New York (57 percent), Georgia and Rhode Island (56 percent each), and Nevada and South Carolina (48 percent each).
  • Counties with the highest number of Hispanic-owned firms were Los Angeles County (188,422); Miami-Dade County (163,187); and Harris County, Texas (61,934).

Families and Children

9.9 million
The number of Hispanic family households in the United States in 2006. Of these households, 62 percent included children younger than 18. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/families_households/009842.html>

The percentage of Hispanic family households consisting of a married couple.

The percentage of Hispanic family households consisting of a married couple with children younger than 18.

Percentage of Hispanic children living with two married parents.

Percentage of total population younger than 5 that was Hispanic as of July 1, 2006. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010048.html>

Spanish Language

32.2 million
The number of U.S. household residents 5 and older who speak Spanish at home. Spanish speakers constitute nearly one in eight U.S. household residents. Among all those who speak Spanish at home, more than one-half say they speak English very well. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Percentage of Texas residents who speak Spanish at home, which leads all states. This compares with the national average of 12 percent. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Percentage of Hispanics 5 and older who speak a language other than English at home. Of that number, about half speak English very well. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

The median income of Hispanic households in 2006, statistically unchanged from the previous year after adjusting for inflation. (Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006, at <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/010583.html>)

The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2006, down from 21.8 percent in 2005. (Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006, at <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/010583.html>)

The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2006, up from 32.3 percent in 2005. (Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006, at <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/010583.html>)


The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a high school education in 2006. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/education/009749.html>

The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or
higher in 2006. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/education/009749.html>

3.1 million
The number of Hispanics 18 and older who had at least a bachelor’s degree in 2006, up from 1.4 million a decade earlier. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/education/009749.html>

Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees in 2006 (e.g., master’s, professional, doctorate).

Percentage of all college students in October 2005 who were Hispanic. Among elementary and high school students combined, the corresponding proportion was 19 percent. <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/education/007909.html>

Educational attainment levels are higher among certain Hispanic groups than among others. For example, among Cubans 25 and older, 73 percent were at least high school graduates, and 24 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher. <http://tinyurl.com/355hhv>


Percentage of Hispanics 16 and older who are in the civilian labor force. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

The percentage of Hispanics 16 or older who work in management, professional and related occupations. Approximately 24 percent of Hispanics 16 or older work in service occupations; 22 percent in sales and office occupations; 2 percent in farming, fishing and forestry occupations; 16 percent in construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations; and 19 percent in production, transportation and material moving occupations. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Number of Hispanic chief executives. In addition, 49,200 physicians and surgeons; 53,700 postsecondary teachers; 29,000 lawyers; and 3,300 news analysts, reporters and correspondents are Hispanic. (Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2008)


7.6 million
The number of Hispanic citizens who reported voting in the 2004 presidential election. The percentage of Hispanic citizens voting — about 47 percent — did not change statistically from four years earlier. (Source: Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2004, at <http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/voting/004986.html>)

Serving our Country

1.1 million
The number of Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces. (Source: 2005 American Community Survey)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; fax: 301-763-3762; or e-mail: <pio@census.gov>.

 Isn’t it all just too fabulous?!

Of course they left out a lot of statistics that aren’t quite so easy to cheer about.

But, come to think of it, apart from the numbers of Hispanics in the military, what is there on this list that is worth celebrating?

This article was posted by Steve on Monday, September 10th, 2007. Comments are currently closed.

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