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How To Propagandize ‘Climate Change’

This is just one example of the hundreds of documents and thousands of emails that have been recovered from Britain’s Climate Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, we noted earlier.

This is a pamphlet (a pdf file) from a company called Futerra, which claims to be “the sustainability communications agency”:

The Rules Of The Game

Evidence base for the Climate Change Communications Strategy

The game is communicating climate change; the rules will help us win it.

Futerra – Recommendations to the Climate Change Communications Working Group:

The principles of climate change communication

Why were the principles created?

The game is communicating climate change; the rules will help us win it.

These principles were created as part of the UK Climate Change Communications Strategy, an evidence-based strategy aiming to change public attitudes towards climate change in the UK. This is a ‘short version’ of a far longer document of evidence that can be found at www.defra.gov.uk.

There is plenty of evidence relating to attitudes towards and behaviour on climate change, general environmental behaviour change and the whole issue of sustainable development communication. As we reviewed the research for these principles, one ‘überprinciple’ emerged:

"Changing attitudes towards climate change is not like selling a particular brand of soap – it’s like convincing someone to use soap in the first place."

At first glance, some of the principles may seem counter-intuitive to those who have been working on sustainable development or climate change communications for many years. Some confront dearly cherished beliefs about what works; a few even seem to attack the values or principles of sustainable development itself.

However, these principles are a first step to using sophisticated behaviour change modelling and comprehensive evidence from around the world to change attitudes towards climate change. We need to think radically, and the Rules of the Game are a sign that future campaigns will not be ‘business as usual’. This is a truly exciting moment.

For the full evidence for these rules, and the climate change communications strategy itself, please visit: www.defra.gov.uk

For the new UK sustainable development strategy please visit: www.sustainable-development.gov.uk

1. blowing away myths

Many of the oft-repeated communications methods and messages of sustainable development have been dismissed by mainstream communicators, behaviour change experts and psychologists. Before we go into what works, our principles make a ‘clean sweep’ of what doesn’t:

1. Challenging habits of climate change communication

Don’t rely on concern about children’s future or human survival instincts

Recent surveys show that people without children may care more about climate change than those with children. "Fight or flight" human survival instincts have a time limit measured in minutes – they are of little use for a change in climate measured in years.

Don’t create fear without agency

Fear can create apathy if individuals have no ‘agency’ to act upon the threat. Use fear with great caution.

Don’t attack or criticise home or family

It is unproductive to attack that which people hold dear.

2. forget the climate change detractors

Those who deny climate change science are irritating, but unimportant. The argument is not about if we should deal with climate change, but how we should deal with climate change.

3. There is no ‘rational man’

The evidence discredits the ‘rational man’ theory – we rarely weigh objectively the value of different decisions and then take the clear self-interested choice.

4. Information can’t work alone

Providing information is not wrong; relying on information alone to change attitudes is wrong. Remember also that messages about saving money are important, but not that important.

2. a new way of thinking

Once we’ve eliminated the myths, there is room for some new ideas. These principles relate to some of the key ideas emerging from behaviour change modelling for sustainable development:

5. Climate change must be ‘front of mind’ before persuasion works

Currently, telling the public to take notice of climate change is as successful as selling tampons to men. People don’t realise (or remember) that climate change relates to them.

6. Use both peripheral and central processing

Attracting direct attention to an issue can change attitudes, but peripheral messages can be just as effective: a tabloid snapshot of Gwyneth Paltrow at a bus stop can help change attitudes to public transport.

7. Link climate change mitigation to positive desires/aspirations

Traditional marketing associates products with the aspirations of their target audience. Linking climate change mitigation to home improvement, self-improvement, green spaces or national pride are all worth investigating.

8. Use transmitters and social learning

People learn through social interaction, and some people are better teachers and trendsetters than others. Targeting these people will ensure that messages seem more trustworthy and are transmitted more effectively.

9. Beware the impacts of cognitive dissonance

Confronting someone with the difference between their attitude and their actions on climate change will make them more likely to change their attitude than their actions.

3 linking policy and style communications principles

These principles clearly deserve a separate section. All the evidence is clear – sometimes aggressively so – that ‘communications in the absence of policy’ will precipitate the failure of any climate change communications campaign right from the start:

10. Everyone must use a clear and consistent explanation of climate change

The public knows that climate change is important, but is less clear on exactly what it is and how it works.

11. Government policy and communications on climate change must be consistent

Don’t ‘build in’ inconsistency and failure from the start.

4 audience principles

In contrast to the myths, this section suggests some principles that do work. These principles are likely to lead directly to a set of general messages, although each poses a significant implementation challenge:

12. Create ‘agency’ for combating climate change

Agency is created when people know what to do, decide for themselves to do it, have access to the infrastructure in which to act, and understand that their contribution is important.

13. Make climate change a ‘home’ not ‘away’ issue

Climate change is a global issue, but we will feel its impact at home – and we can act on it at home.

14. Raise the status of climate change mitigation behaviours

Research shows that energy efficiency behaviours can make you seem poor and unattractive. We must work to overcome these emotional assumptions.

15. Target specific groups

A classic marketing rule, and one not always followed by climate change communications from government and other sources.

5 style principles

These principles lend some guidance on the evidence of stylistic themes that have a high chance of success:

16. Create a trusted, credible, recognised voice on climate change

We need trusted organisations and individuals that the media can call upon to explain the implications of climate change to the UK public.

17. Use emotions and visuals

Another classic marketing rule: changing behaviour by disseminating information doesn’t always work, but emotions and visuals usually do.

6 effective management

These principles are drawn primarily from the experience of others, both in their successes and in the problems they faced:

18. The context affects everything

The prioritisation of these principles must be subject to ongoing assessments of the UK climate change situation.

19. The communications must be sustained over time

All the most successful public awareness campaigns have been sustained consistently over many years.

20. Partnered delivery of messages will be more successful

Experience shows that partnered delivery is often a key component for projects that are large, complex and have many stakeholders.

"First they ignore you; then they laugh at you; then they fight you; then you win." Mahatma Gandhi

If you are inspired or sceptical, have questions or want to know more, then please contact: sustainability communications

020 7733 6363
www.futerra.co.uk
climate@futerra.co.uk 

Please read this carefully. It is deeply chilling.

And, with just a few minor changes, it could have been written by any bureaucrat in the propaganda ministry of the Third Reich. Certainly the techniques are much the same.

Some enterprising people at ‘An Elegant Chaos’ have put together a search engine for the Climate Research Unit (CRU) files. You can also just browse the emails at that site.

You can also download a .zip compacted file of the entire CRU stash of emails and documents from S&L’s server by clicking here.

However, be aware that it is quite a large 63.29 MB file, so it may take some time to download.

This article was posted by Steve Gilbert on Saturday, November 21st, 2009. Comments are currently closed.

4 Responses to “How To Propagandize ‘Climate Change’”

  1. Heh, I suppose apples don’t fall far from the tree. From Linkedin:

    Stephanie Corrado’s Experience

    *
    Marketing Account Executive
    Fenton Communications

    (Privately Held; 11-50 employees; Public Relations and Communications industry)

    Currently holds this position
    *
    Account Coordinator
    Futerra Sustainability Communications

    (Public Relations and Communications industry)
    January 2008 — September 2008 (9 months)

    And there’s this:

    Steve Smith
    Futerra Sustainability Communications
    122 West 27th Street, 10th Floor
    New York NY 10001
    (o) 646.536.3417
    (f) 646.253.1258
    ssmith@futerra.net

    Steve Smith is a recognized expert in the art of communications for sustainable development.
    His personal commitment and passion for his work ensures that people leave his presentations,
    not only better informed, but energized and motivated to make a difference. Steve draws on
    the latest research on how to inspire and motivate people to change, as well as his industry
    knowledge as an Executive Committee member of the Public Relations Society of America’s
    (PRSA) Environmental Section. He adds insights from his own wide ranging experience,
    including tours on the Esperanza for Greenpeace USA, an insider’s perspective on the 2004
    Presidential elections with Fenton Communications and his recent work at Futerra with Aveda
    and 1Sky, the collaborative climate change campaign
    .

    But this is possibly the most interesting of all:

    The following excerpt captures emerging thinking on thi s issue:
    Motivating messages need to hit an emotional cord. People are busy. They resist
    change. In order to get their attention and support for change, you have to
    connect with people by plugging into their belief systems. Not trying to rewire it
    …It is not necessary to be inaccurate or to dumb down issues, but it’s essential to
    engage people’s passion … you need to reach people emotionally first and then
    educate them. Hearts first, and then minds’.
    (Fenton Communications, 2001)

    A central assertion of the work that helped to inform DEFRA’s recent Climate Change
    communications initiative is that: ‘communications in the absence of policy’ would
    precipitate the failure of any climate change communications campaign right from the start’
    (Futerra). Hence, the public engagement ethos being supported throughout this review needs
    to be closely linked with interventions that catalyse behaviour and provide the opportunity for
    travel behaviour change.

    Those last two excerpts are from:

    AN EVIDENCE BASE REVIEW OF PUBLIC
    ATTITUDES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND
    TRANSPORT BEHAVIOUR

    FINAL REPORT
    by

    Dr Jillian Anable
    UK Energy Research Centre Transport topic leader
    The Centre for Transport Policy
    The Robert Gordon University

    Dr Ben Lane
    Ecolane Transport Consultancy Ltd

    Dr Tanika Kelay
    Environmental Psychology Research Group
    University of Surrey

    Who knew there was an “Environmental Psychology Research Group” anywhere on the planet?

    http://dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustaina.....cl5730.pdf

    Climate Change is being used as a lever to get people to willingly accept government regulation of every aspect of their lives. You make people afraid of “climate change”, convince them that they are the cause of it, then you convince them that “the government” is their salvation from certain disaster.

    The whole thing is sickening.

    • Steve

      Fenton Communications? Sheesh.

      It’s always the same damn handful of people.

      We’ve talked about the Soros run Fenton Communications people numerous times before.

      They are the same people who brought us the ‘alar scare,’ as well as Cindy Sheehan.

      Here is more about them from Discover The Networks:

      Fenton Communications
      http://www.discoverthenetworks.....grpid=6958

  2. Liberals Demise

    “GREAT GOOGLEY, MOOGLEY!!”

  3. proreason

    5 mirrors, 5 smoke screens, 5 shells, and 5 sleights of hand.


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